YIM, Lee, Cantonese who immigrated to Louisiana ca. 1864. Possibly introduced ancient Chinese shrimp-drying process to the area, which permitted the industry to grow by reducing spoilage. 1885, another Cantonese, Yee Foo, who lived at Barataria obtained a patent for the process. C.C.C. Sources: Centennial Celebration of Houma, Louisiana, 1934 (Magazine edition of the Houma Courier, September 1906; reprinted May, 1967, by Lafourche-Terrebonne Landmarks Society); J. B. Gremillion, Terrebonne Parish; Works Projects Administration, Louisiana Historical Records Survey, Inventory of the Parish Archives of Louisiana: No. 55, Terrebonne Parish.
YORK, Zebulon, attorney, planter, hosteler. Born, Avon, Me., October 10, 1819. Education: Wesleyan Seminary, Maine; Transylvania University, Kentucky; graduate of University of Louisiana (now Tulane University). Practiced law in Vidalia, La., and purchased a large cotton plantation. By 1860 owned several plantations and one of the wealthiest men in the state. Organized an infantry company at beginning of Civil War. Elected major, Fourteenth Louisiana Infantry, September 19, 1861; promoted to rank of lieutenant colonel, February 19, 1862; promoted to rank of colonel, August 15, 1862. Commissioned brigadier general, May 31, 1864, and led remnants of two Louisiana brigades in Army of Northern Virginia. Paroled in North Carolina, May 6, 1865. Ruined financially by the war. Ran York House Hotel in Natchez, Miss. Died, Natchez, August 5, 1900; interred Natchez. A.W.B. Sources: Ezra J. Warner, Generals in Gray (1959); Mark M. Boatner III, The Civil War Dictionary (1959); Clement A. Evans, Confederate Military History, 13 vols. (1899), Vol. X.
YOU, Dominique, privateer, known as Alexandre Frédéric Laffitte, older brother of Jean (q.v.) and Pierre (q.v.) Laffitte. Alexandre born 1771, Port-au-Prince, Haiti; parents removed there to escape the Spanish Inquisition. Alexandre Frédéric became a privateer, preying upon ships of the enemies of France, especially Spanish. He was only 5 feet, 4 inches tall, broad shoulders, dark swarthy complexion with flashing black eyes and hawk-line nose; powder burns on left side of his face gave him a ferocious look, but he was a likeable person. Joined his two brothers in New Orleans, January 8, 1815; received special commendation from Gen. Andrew Jackson (q.v.). After war married and operated a tavern in the French Quarter, New Orleans. Suffered much pain from battle wounds for the last years of his life. Died, November 14, 1830; interred St. Louis Cemetery II. M.P. Sources: Jane Lucas De Grummond, The Baratarians and the Battle of New Orleans (1961); Jean Laffitte, The Privateer-Pirate's Own Story (1958).
YOUNG, Andrew Jackson, dentist civic leader. Born, Franklin, La., March 24, 1895; son of Frank Smith Young and Hattie Epps Young. Education: local schools, Franklin; Straight College (now Dillard University), B. A. degree, 1916; Howard University, Washington, D. C., D.D.S., 1921. Canadian semi-professional baseball team, shortstop position. Married Daisy Fuller Young, 1931. Children, Andrew J., Jr., former U. N. ambassador and mayor of Atlanta, Ga.; Walter, dentist of Atlanta, Ga. Organizational memberships: a founder and vice-president of Keystone Life Insurance Company and Keystone Investment Corporation; director of the Dryades Street YMCA; Greater New Orleans Urban League; NAACP; the Coordinating Council of Greater New Orleans; the Pelican State Dental Association; the National Dental Association; the New Orleans Dental Association; National Insurance Association; New Orleans Insurance Executives Council of Howard University. Social Organizations: Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., Sigma Pi Phi Fraternity, Century Club of the YMCA; B-Sharp Music Club; original member of Osceola Five Club of the Ensemble, singing tenor in the quartet. Awards: Order of the Red Triangle of the Dryades Street YMCA; 50 Year Award, by the National Dental Association; 40 Year Service Award, B-Sharp Music Club. Religion: Congregational; member Central Congregational United Church of Christ. Appointed by the Louisiana State Hospital Board (1930s & 1940s) to take charge of a mobile dental clinic to serve school children and welfare clients across the state; served as chairman of the Colored Division of the United Fund. Active in the desegregation movement in New Orleans, 1960s. A dentist for fifty-seven years. Died, June 29, 1980; interred St. Louis Cemetery III, New Orleans. C.T. Sources: "In Memoriam," The Boule Journal, XLIV, No. 6 (Winter, 1980/81); Letter from Mrs. Andrew J. Young, Sr., November 13, 1985; "Service of Memory for Dr. Andrew J. Young, Sr., Wednesday, July 2, 1980."
YOUNG, Annie, see DUPUY, Eliza Ann
YOUNG, George W., businessman and religious lay leader. Born, New Orleans, October 18, 1848; son of Christian Young and Maria Hoffmann. Education: Christian Brothers' School, New Orleans. Began work at 13 in wholesale grocery after father's death. Married Mary Schaefers, February 22, 1870. Child: May (Mrs. J. J. Lawrence). Bank and insurance executive, ca. 1890-1911; president, Pelican Insurance Company. President, Provident Bank and Trust Company; manager, Sun Mutual Insurance Company; vice-president and manager, Canal-Louisiana Bank and Trust Company at time of death. Member, New Orleans Civil Service Commission. Active in Catholic organizations: Archbishop Janssens' committee for liquidation of archdiocesan debt; St. Louis Cathedral Restoration Committee; Society of Holy Spirit; St. Vincent de Paul Society; Federation of Catholic Societies; Holy Name Society; and Knights of Columbus. Appointed Louisiana Territorial Deputy for Knights of Columbus during organization's formative stage in state, 1904-1906; elected first Louisiana state deputy of Knights of Columbus, 1906-1908. Philanthropic interests included St. Vincent's Home for Newsboys and Convent of Good Shepherd. National address, "The Creole Catholic," published in The Morning Star, August 28, 1908. Died, New Orleans, June 22, 1911; interred St. Joseph Cemetery. C.E.N. Sources: Roger Baudier and Millard F. Everett, Anchor and Fleur-de-Lis: Knights of Columbus in Louisiana, 1902-1962 (1965); The Morning Star, August 28, 1908, July 1, 1911; New Orleans Times-Democrat, June 23, 1911; St. Mary Assumption Sacramental Records; St. Joseph Cemetery Interment Records.
YOUNG, Gus, civil rights and civic leader. Born, Zachary, East Baton Rouge Parish, La., 1909. Educated at local schools and earned a high school diploma by attending classes at Humble Oil and Refining Company. Married. Began voter registration work among blacks in East Baton Rouge Parish in 1932, when he was one of only three blacks in East Baton Rouge Parish registered to vote. A founder of the First Ward Voters League in 1938, chartered in 1953; ward leader for the League, which put him in charge not only of getting more blacks to vote, but also gaining street and sanitation improvements for black sections of Baton Rouge. Active in political affairs, member of Parish Bi-Racial Committee, board of directors of the local chapter of National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; member: St. John Missionary Baptist Church, James A. Taylor Masonic Lodge No. 78. Gus Young Avenue, Baton Rouge, named for subject. Died, Baton Rouge, March 19, 1969; interred Gilbert Cemetery. C.V. Sources: Baton Rouge Morning Advocate, March 20, 21, 1969; personal interview with Mr. Bell, Gus Young Civic Association, June 18, 19, 1984.
YOUNG, Hugh and Byrnes, philanthropists. Sons of Olympus Young (1815-1870), native of Kentucky, and Mehitable McLellan Young (1836-1921), native of Montville, Me. Hugh was born in 1865 in Russ County, Tex., where the Young family took refuge during the Civil War. Byrnes was born in 1869 in Brashear City, St. Mary Parish, La., on the extensive sugar plantation which his father acquired and operated successfully before and after the Civil War on the outskirts of Brashear (now Morgan City). Hugh was railroad agent and in business with Byrnes who headed the Morgan City Electric Company, source of lights and power for the community in the early 1900s. Hugh was vice-president of the Morgan City-Berwick Board of Trade. Byrnes was appointed postmaster of Morgan City in 1898 and served until 1910. The brothers led quiet, bachelor lives on their plantation home, Hugh having a brief, childless marriage to Stella Bateman, and Byrnes never marrying. During World Wars I and II, the brothers leased for nominal sums acres of their Bayou Boeuf waterfront property to Navy defense plants building ships or dry docks. They made many charitable contributions in memory of their parents but agreed before Hugh's death to leave their fortune to the citizenry of Morgan City. A non-profit corporation was formed in 1955 under the name "Morgan City Fund," administered by a board of trustees. Thousands of dollars in the form of interest earned by the assets of the corporation have been distributed annually to the Morgan City Public Library, Museum, Municipal Auditorium, Lakewood Hospital, Recreation Commission, for a large site for a new Presbyterian Church, additional land for the Morgan City Cemetery, site for the Morgan City steam plant, for the Young Memorial Vocational-Technical School, and for riding stables. Money from the Morgan City Fund has aided establishment or upkeep of such tourist attractions as the Morgan City Swamp Gardens and the Spirit of Morgan City; has made possible a zoo for children, development of Lake End Park, high school scholarships, aids to scouting, churches and charities. In 1969 the Morgan City Fund built a wing onto the Morgan City Public Library to house new Morgan City Archives which the Fund has supported annually since 1966 when it started as the Morgan City History Project. Hugh died in 1955 and Byrnes in 1965; both are interred in the Young family plot in Morgan City Cemetery. L.K.L. Sources: Young Family Papers, Morgan City Archives; Fortier, Louisiana . . . , (1909).
YOUNG, John Smith, attorney, congressman. Born near Raleigh, N. C., November 4, 1834. Removed with father to Fayette County, Tenn., in 1836, and to Columbia County, Ark., in 1848. Education: Centenary College, Jackson, La., graduated 1855. Removed to Homer, La., September 1855; studied law; was admitted to the bar, 1860 and practiced in Homer. During Civil War enlisted in the Confederate Army as a private, May 3, 1861, and was successively promoted until he attained the rank of lieutenant colonel. Returned to Homer at the close of the war and resumed the practice of law; judge, Claiborne Parish Court, 1870-1872; member, state house of representatives, 1872-1876; judge, Seventh Judicial District of Louisiana, 1876-1878; elected as a Democrat to Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John E. Leonard (q.v.) and served from November 5, 1878, to March 3, 1879; was not a candidate for renomination in 1878. Resumed the practice of law in Homer, La. Removed to Monroe, La., and later to Shreveport in 1880, where he continued the practice of his profession. Sheriff of Caddo Parish, 1892-1900. Died, Shreveport, La., October 11, 1916; interred Oakland Cemetery. J.B.C. Source: Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774-1949 (1950).
YOUNG, Perry Swearingen, editor, publisher, non-fiction writer, linguist. Born, Abilene, Tex., August 10, 1888; son of William Young and Zuma Waters. Education: Simmons College Academy, Abilene, Tex.; Yale University, graduated 1909. Enlisted in U. S. Army Reserves, April 1917, Officers Training Camp, Camp Funston, Tex., commissioned second lieutenant, August 15, 1917; assigned 358th Infantry, reassigned to 343rd Machine Gun Battalion, commissioned first lieutenant, October 15, 1918. Active duty in France, battalion interpreter, supply officer responsible for bringing up rations and ammunition to front lines. Engagements: St. Mihiel Offensive, Puvenelle Demonstration, Meuse Argonne Offensive. Following Armistice, on duty with Third Army in Germany. Honorably discharged Camp Bowie, Tex., July 7, 1919. Prior to war, marine editor for Galveston Tribune; correspondent for Houston Post and other regional newspapers. Upon discharge from service accepted position as managing editor of Gulf Ports Magazine, headquartered in New Orleans. Editor and publisher of World Ports, 1924-1933, monthly publication of the American Association of Port Authorities. Owned and operated Carnival Press, writing, editing and publishing carnival programs; editor and publisher of Shore and Beach and Garden magazines. Public relations agent for board of commissioners of the Port of New Orleans. Married Frances Johanna Miller of Weatherford, Tex., May 30, 1914, daughter of Eliza Hollis and Henry Miller. Children: Zuma (b. 1915), Irene (1917-1978), Yvonne (b. 1924). Member Alvin Callender Post No. 134, American Legion; Tucker Lodge No. 297, Free and Accepted Masons, Galveston, Tex., Scottish Rite Lodge of Perfection No. 4, Galveston, Tex. New Orleans Chamber of Commerce; Pickwick Club; Yale Club; carnival organizations; Democratic Party. Author: The Mistick Krewe: Chronicles of Comus and His Kin; Carnival and Mardi Gras in New Orleans (1939); compiler and editor, Bibliographic Notes on Ports and Harbors (1926); compiler, Port Finance (1928); editor and contributor, Port Glossary (1927). Last three for American Association of Port Authorities. Numerous articles and monographs of historical and commercial import. Died, New Orleans, November 4, 1939; interred Greenwood Cemetery, Weatherford, Tex. Z.Y.S. Sources: Personal knowledge of contributor as eldest daughter; Perry Young Family Papers, in possession of Zuma Young Salaun, owner and custodian, include newspaper clippings from Texas newspapers, 1914-1939; New Orleans nespapers, 1920-1939; diplomas, military records, miscellaneous memorabilia of personal, military, civic and professional activities; Miller-Young Collection, Strecker Museum, Baylor University, Waco, Texas.
YOUNG, Robert, soldier, planter. Born, North Carolina, 1776; son of Col. Thomas Young, Revolutionary War hero. Arrived in Feliciana, Spanish West Florida, 1796. Married Sarah Chaney, daughter of Baley Chaney. Major, West Florida Rebellion and member of Convention from Feliciana, 1810; colonel, Tenth Regiment, Third Brigade, War of 1812; incorporator, Grace Episcopal Church, St. Francisville, 1827. Died, July 4, 1828; interred West Feliciana Parish. E.K.D. Sources: West Feliciana Parish Records; parish register, Grace Church; Powell Casey, Louisiana in the War of 1812 (1963); Stanley Clisby Arthur, The Story of the West Florida Rebellion (1935).
YOUNG, Vertrees, industrialist, forester, wood product technologist, civic leader, philanthropist. Born, Springfield, Ohio, July 16, 1893; son of Rev. Christian Martin Young and Catherine Davis Vertrees. Education: local public schools; Trinity College, Conn., B. A., 1914; Mass. Institute of Technology, S. B., electrical engineering, 1916. Employed by Aluminum Company of American, 1916-1917. World War I service: 1917-1919, first lieutenant, Seventy-seventh Division, AEF (Acting Division Ordnance Officer). Following the war he was employed by Robert Gaylord, Inc. Married Sylvaia Craig Corley, April 18, 1923; no children. Following merger of Robt. Gaylord, Inc. with Bogalusa Paper Co. (formerly Great Southern Lumber Co.), removed to Bogalusa, La., in 1938 as manager and executive vice-president of the Gaylord Container Corp. He served as president, Gaylord Division, Crown Zellerbach Corp., 1955-1958. Member, board of directors, Crown Zellerbach Corp., to 1965. Other positions include board of directors, Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad, Illinois Central Railroad; founding member, Gulf South Research Institute, Council for a Better Louisiana; president, Public Affairs Research Council, American Forest Institute, Louisiana Forestry Association, Washington Parish Fair Association, Bogalusa Chamber of Commerce, Bogalusa Community Chest; honorary vice-president of the American Forestry Association; trustee of the Bogalusa Y.M.C.A., Clifford Willard Gaylord Foundation, Bogalusa Community Medical Center, Trinity College, and Diocese of Episcopal Church in Louisiana. Awards: Doctor of Science, honoris causa, Trinity College, 1973; Louisiana Engineering Society's A.B. Patterson Engineer in Management Award; Forest Farmer's Association Award, 1962; Bogalusa Citizen of the Year, 1957; Certificate of Merit, Ordinance Department, U. S. Army, 1919; Phi Beta Kappa, 1914. Died, Bogalusa, May 11, 1981; interred in the Druid Ridge Cemetery, Baltimore, Md. J.D.H. Sources: Baton Rouge Morning Advocate, October 27, 1973; Bogalusa Daily News, December 31, 1959; May 13, 1973; May 11, 13, 1981; Bogalusa Golden Jubilee Corporation, Official Jubilee Program; New Orleans Times-Picayune, August 30, 1979.
YOUNG, Zachary Taylor, physician, politician. Born, father's plantation at Prudhomme City, St. Landry Parish, La., March 28, 1849. Parents, Stephen Madison Young and Marianne Hortense Richard, were both descendants of Acadian exiles. Father's family translated name from LeJeune to Young and became identified with the English-speaking Protestant community in St. Landry Parish. Education: Franklin College, Opelousas; apprenticeship to practicing physician, Dr. William Childs; Medical Department of the University of Louisiana (now Tulane University), M.D., with honors, 1871. Practiced medicine, Bayou Boeuf, St. Landry Parish, 1871-1873. In 1873 removed to Ville Platte, La., where he remained until his death. Young Addition in Ville Platte named for him. Married, December 20, 1880, Valentine Pauline Archinard, daughter of Dr. John Archinard, at Alexandria. Children: Valentine Pauline; Marie Henriette Josephine; Zachary Taylor II; and Stephen Ernest E. Did not remarry after death of wife on January 26, 1887. Represented St. Landry Parish in state legislature, 1880-1884. Served St. Landry Parish as deputy coroner and as a police juror and held the office of coroner for a time. Member of the Democratic party and Catholic church. Shot and killed on a public road near Ville Platte on October 4, 1905, while making house calls in his buggy. Assailants convicted of manslaughter after a trial of statewide interest. Interred, October 6, 1905, in Sacred Heart Cemetery, Church Point, Louisiana. A.Y.B. Sources: Louisiana, Acts of the General Assembly, 1880; Louisiana, Acts of the General Assembly, 1882; St. Landry Parish, Louisiana, court, conveyance and other civil records; Mary Alice Fontenot and Paul B. Freeland, Acadia Parish, Louisiana: A History to 1900 (1976); Cleveland J. Frugé, The Frugés of Fakaitaic (1970); Opelousas Courier; St. Landry Clarion; New Orleans Times-Picayune; family papers and oral tradition; Rapides Parish, La., computerized indexed marriage records, v. 3, p. 542.
YOUNSE, Dorothy Leola Nixon, educator. Born, Crowley, La., May 20, 1903; daughter of John Travis Nixon and Leola White. Education: Crowley High School; Louisiana Polytechnic Institute; Columbia University, honor graduate. Married, June 15, 1928, Goldman Rufo Younse, of Choudrant, Lincoln Parish, La. son of John Rufo Younse, sawmill owner, and Anna Jeanette Cook. Children: Dorothy Virginia (b. 1929), Ronald Richard (b. 1944), Karan Elizabeth (b. 1947). Taught English: Ruple High School, Claiborne Parish, 1922-1923; Choudrant High School, 1923-1924; Ouachita Parish High School, 1926-1928; Ouachita Junior College (now Northeast Louisiana University), 1931-1968, head of Language Department, 1948-1952. Silver Jubilee yearbook, 1956, dedicated to subject. Subject listed in Who's Who Among American Women, Vol. VI (1968); named professor emeritus, 1980. Member, Beta Zeta, Sigma Tau Delta., Methodist church, life member W.S.C.S., Opera Club, Craft Club, Bookfellows, Welcome Branch of 20th Century Book Club, and many professional organizations. M.N.N. Sources: Northeast Louisiana State College Alumni News, April 1968; Shreveport Times, November 9, 1969; family papers.
YOUREE, Peter, banker, businessman. Born, Lafayette County, Mo., April 23, 1843; son of P. E. Youree and M. M. Zimmerman. Educated locally and received mercantile training in father's store. Civil War service: Company A, Gordon's Missouri Confederate Regiment; wounded at Shiloh and Helena; rose to rank of captain of Company I Slayback's Missouri Rifles; surrendered his company at Shreveport in 1865. Settled in Shreveport and became a mercantile clerk. Opened mercantile and real estate business; owned for a time the Shreveport Street Railway and was president of the Shreveport Waterworks Company. In 1888 elected president of the Merchants and Farmers Bank and in 1891 became president of the Commercial National Bank, a position he held until his death. At the time of his death was worth an estimated $2,000,000. Built first skyscraper in Shreveport, the ten-story Commercial National Bank Building in 1910, and also had the Youree Hotel constructed. Married, June 24, 1870, Mary Elizabeth Scott of Scottsville, Tex., daughter of Col. W. T. Scott, a Texas state senator. Children: William Scott and Susie Rose. A Democrat and a member of the Caddo Parish Policy Jury for twenty-four years. Member of First Methodist Church of Shreveport. Youree Drive named for him. His home on Fairfield Avenue, "Youreeka," was a Shreveport showplace. Died, Shreveport, July 13, 1914; interred Scottsville, Tex. A.S.T. Sources: Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Northwest Louisiana (1890); Lilla McLure and J. Ed. Howe, History of Shreveport and Shreveport Builders (1931); obituary, Shreveport Times, August 1, 1914.